Contraception in Islam: Is it allowed?

Two form of contraceptions, each of them is viewed differently in Islam. The first are contraceptions where there are involvement from other parties in executing, and second are those that do not. The method that need others to execute, is divided into two form: one that need others parties involved seeing the genital of the subject and one that do not.

Method that involve seeing genital of the subject by other parties such as Copper T is prohibited as narrated from the prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) : From Abu Sa’id Al Khudri r.a., he said: The prophet told: man prohibited to see other men’s genital, and woman is prohibited to see other women’s genital .(Narated by Moslem).

Whereas method that do not involeved seeing genital of the subject, such as installing Implan, are not against the hadith showed above, and further, pararel with other methods that allowed by Islam as will be presented later, thus are not prohibited.

The second method, that do not need others to execute, fall into two categories: one that permanently omit fertility and one that do not. Method that include omit fertility permanently, such as Vasectomy in males and Tubecotomy in females, is prohibited in Islam since it is against what Allah say in Holly Quran: “So set you your face steadily and truly to the Faith: (Establish) Allah’s handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made humankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.” (Al-Qur’an 30:30) 

Of the second  that involve non permanent methods such as condom, coitus interuptus, pils, applying a kind of jelly in the vagina by the subject herself or with the help of husband, is allowed. The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) do not deny such practise as narrated by jabir : “We used to practice coitus interruptus during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger while the Qur’an was being revealed.” (Sahih Bukhari vol. 7, Hadith no. 136)

It should be noted that some scholars is still deny such practise as told by Ibn Taymiyya: “With regard to ‘azl (coitus interuptus), some of the scholars regarded it as haraam, but the view of the four imams is that it is permissible with the wife’s permission. And Allah nows best.” (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 32/110), however the view of those that consider it as haraam do not have the sturdy root in quran nor hadith.

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