War Principles in Islam (2)

  1. War is a trick (trick), so it is recommended not to tell the troops  the dropping zone [hadeeth No. 4 and No. 2]
  2. Not attacking areas where the sound of adzan is echoed when prayer times enter [Hadeeth No. 3]
  3. Charge only when enemy troops refused to surrender by paying protection tax (jizya) [Hadith No. 1]
  4. The Moslem army should be willing to fight for Allah only (Hadith no 20)
  5. Obliged to obey the leaders and are prohibited from making damage [Hadith No. 17]
  6. Recommended to divide the army into detachments and companies (Hadith no 18)
  7. The obligatory prayers is still mandatory  in a state of war and the prayer was just 1 rak [Hadeeth No. 9, 10 and 11] and may be done by facing the enemy while praying [Hadith No. 12]
  8. It being allowed to bring  women in war as part of a medical team, not as an army [hadith number 16]
  9.  It is forbidden to kill women and children in warfare [hadith no 5] except those who participates in the war [Hadith no 21], also prohibited from killing the workers who did not participate in warfare [Hadith no 21] and also not killing those who inhabit the places of worship [hadith no 22]
  10. It is forbidden to retreat / escape from battles,to steal, and chopping the enemy that have been killed into pieces [Hadeeth No. 6, 7 and 8]
  11. The martyr does not need to be bathed but immediately buried simply [hadith number 13]
  12. Forbidden to hang the mascot on the vehicle of war [Hadith No. 14]
  13. It is allowable to perform the exchange of prisoners [Hadith No. 15]
  14. It is forbidden to  blocade the refugee camp (Hadith no 19)

LIST OF HADEETH 

  1. From [Abdurrahman ibn Awf] said: When Zoroastrian rebel from the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, I asked him, then he tell me that he gave them  choice
    between pay Jizya and war, and it turns out that they chose to pay Jizya. “(Ahmad: 1582)
  2. From [‘Abdullah bin Ka’ab], Kaab’s guide (when he was blind) from his  son, he said I heard [Ka’ab ibn Malik] when he did not participating the war with the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam (in Tabuk war). And it is not Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam to fight unless he keep it secret from others “. (Bukhariy: 2728)
  3. From [Ibn Isham] from [his father] he was one of the Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam’s pal (sahaba) narrated: Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam when sending his troop to the war said: “If you see a mosque or hear the sound of athan echoed then you should not kill anyone.” (Ahmad: 15 156)
  4. From [Abdurrahman ibn Ka’b ibn Malik] from [his father], that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam when he was about going to a battle he hide his desination to his troop, and he said: “War is deception.” (Abu Dawud: 2267) The persons narrated are strong and trustworthy
  5. From [Al Aswad ibn Sari ‘] Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam sent a unit to Hunain War, then they fight against the idolaters and they overdo when killing, down to the women and children.When they arrived, the Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam said: “What makes you kill the women and children?. They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, they are just children of the polytheists. (the Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam) said:” Is not it your chosen people  actually also the son of idolaters? For God sake it is not every soul is born except on their sanctity, until his tongue say differently. “(Ahmad: 15 036)
  6. From [Sulaiman bin Buraidah] from [his father] he said: When the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam appoint someone to be a leader of the expedition, he bequeath him specifically for pious to Allah and do good to those Muslims who are with him. He said: “He fought with the name of God, and in the way of Allah. Fight those disbelievers in Allah, who foght you and do not retreat, do not steal the spoils of war, do not chop up and do not kill children.” (Darimiy: 2332)
  7. From [Jaber] said: we do not promise Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam to die, however we promise him not to flee from war. (Nasa’i 4088)
  8. From [Abu Ayyub] said: Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam said: “Whoever worship only for Allah without associating Him with anything, establish prayer, pay the obligatory zakat, fasting Ramadan and stay away from major sins, he gained heaven or go to heaven.” Abu Ayyub said to him: “What is major sin? Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa salam said: “Associating Allah with something else, kill a Muslim and fled during the war.” (Ahmad: 22 407)
  9. From [Buraidah] said: The Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “You should hasten the prayer during Ghaim war for whoever left the’ Asr prayer, he wipe his notes” (Ahmad: 21 977)
  10. From [Abdurrahman ibn Abu Sa’eed al Khudri] from [his father] he said: “We are prevented from conducting prayers in time on the Khandaq war  until maghrib time elapsed , approaching mid-night until after the war, and this as His word: “And God keep believers from the war. And Allah is ever Strong, Mighty. “He said: Then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam commanded Bilal to call to prayer dzuhur prayer, then he perform his prayers as perfect as he can as implement in a timely way. After that he ordered Bilal to pray’ Asr prayer, then he perform ‘Asr prayers as he do in the time. After that he ordered Bilal maghrib prayer call to prayer, then he perform like that. ” He said: “And all that happens before  khauf prayer was enacted,” then pray while you are walking or driving. “(Ahmad: 11 039)
  11. From [Ibn ‘Abbas] he said: “God has spoken through the prophet’tounge that the prayer is obligated, in a state settled four cycles, two cycles when travelling, and one cycle in a state fear (of war)” (Nasa ‘i: 1514)
  12. From [Ibn Umar radliallahu ‘anhuma] said:’ I’ve ever joined the war together with the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam to Najed, when we   facing the enemy, we were pray while facing toward the enemy. “(Bukhariy: 3819)
  13. From [Jaber] said: The Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam said: “bury them along with the blood of their blood.”Namely those who are slain in the battle of Uhud: “And do not bathed them.” (Bukhariy: 1260)
  14. From [Aisha], that the Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam ordered to cut the bells found in the neck of the camels in times of the war of Badar . “(Ahmad: 24 011)
  15. From [‘Iyas bin Salamah] of [His father] said, I had ever traveled with Abu Bakr in the war against Hawazin then I get the loot in the form of a woman, then the Messenger of Allah asked for her and he Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam send them to Makkah and used to redeem some Muslim prisoners.(Ahmad: 15 908)
  16. From [Yazid ibn Hurmuz] that Najdah Al Haruri wrote a letter to [Ibn Abbas] and asked: “Did the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam has ever fought and bringing women on it? And did he give part to them?” Ibn Abbas then write a reply to him, “you write a letter to me and ask ‘Did the Prophet sallallaahu’ alaihi wasallam going to war by bringing the women? He went a war with  women, so they could treat people who are sick. They are also given the wages of ghanimah . (Tirmithi: 1477)
  17. From [Mu’adh ibn Jabal] from the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, he said: “There are  two kind of wars, as for the peoples who expect the face of God and obey the leaders and spend their wealth of valuable and avoid damage hence entirely of their sleep and awake is the reward, while for peoples who fight to be seen and heard and disobeyed the leaders and make mischief in the land then surely he is not back with any benefit. ” (Nasa’i: 4124)
  18. From [Anas ibn Malik]; Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said to Aktsam bin Al Jaun Al Khuza’i: “O Aktsam, and fight together not with your people then your behavior will be good, and you shall glorify your friends, O Aktsam, the most best of your friends are four person, the best of detachment consisting of four hundred people, the best army consist of four thousand people, occasionally twelve thousand troops (which is not small) can not be beaten. ” (Ibn Majah: 2817)
  19. From [Mu’adh ibn Sahl ibn Anas al-Juhani] from [His father] said, we stopped at Sinan in the Roman fort, with Abdullah bin Abdul Malik, then narrow those refugee camps that exist, and they also do blockade  the road.Mu’adh continue to protest ‘O people, we has ever fought with the Prophet Shallallahu’alaihiwasallam in this and that war, then people were blockading roads that exist, then the Prophet sent an anouncer  to shout,’ Anyone who narrow the refugee camps or blockading the road, then he had no jihad with him.(Ahmad: 15 094)
  20. From [Abu Musa] that a Bedouin came to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam and said: behold there is a man who fought for so-called, and fought for praise and fought to get the booty of war and battle to seek for a position. Then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Those who fought for the sahada to be the highest word then he is in the way of Allah’ Azza wajalla.” (Abu Dawud: 2156)
  21. From [Hanzhalah] a writer, he said: “We have fought alongside the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, we suddenly come across a woman who was killed and had surrounded,  then they give way to the Prophet. The Prophet sallallaahu’ alaihi wasallam said: ‘This women  did not join the war against them. ” … He says, ‘Thou shalt not kill the children and the workers work (handyman). (Ibn Majah: 2832)
  22. From [Ibn Abbas], he said; Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam when sending his troops  he said: “Go  with the name of Allah, you fight against those who disbelieve in Allah, do not betray the agreement, do not cheat (taking the spoils of war prior to distribution), do not destroy human body, do not killing children and the people who inhabit the places of worship. ” (Ahmad: 2592)
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